Make a project

If you're wondering what's the vocabulary used when doing a project, how you could write your specifications or organize your project, then you're in the right place. If you're making an IT project, then we have some additional knowledge here.

Honestly, this is a boring yet interesting theoretical course. You will learn a lot of things, but there is a lot of vocabulary. I will try to present it to you in a useful way so that you will enjoy the course. You will learn

  • Projects' vocabulary and structure
  • How you can write specifications (CDC)
  • How reporting works
  • How you can deal with bugs/issues


  • Nature of the project/Need (Besoin): what the client wants
  • Deliverables (Livrables): what you will give to the client
  • Milestones (Jalons): important dates of your project
  • Scope (Périmètre): tasks, deliverables, budget, ... everything related to the project.
  • Man-days (Homme-Jour HJ): an indicator of how many resources a task will require
  • Engineer/Architect (Maitre d’ouvrage): interactions with the client, planned the project
  • General contractor (Maitre d’oeuvre): interactions with programmers/technical staff, work on the project

Project Structure


  • a build-team/project-team is formed to create a version (ex: 1.0)
  • then a run-team/exploitation-team will keep the project running, make updates, fix bugs ...

It's usually looking like this.

Project lifetime

Personally, I barely ever saw the use of run/exploitation-team, but I'm seeing quite a lot "maintainer", at least in IT projects.


You will need to write a document called specifications (Cahier des charges CDC), summarizing everything that you have to do.

  • present the company : name, logo?, background
  • present the project : client, what we want, ...
  • present the public : who will use the product(language, age, IT knowledge, ...)
  • the team : organization, roles, ...
  • graphic chard : if you have one

Then, start digging into the real stuff

Organize your project

You would usually write a Gantt project to organize your tasks, even in an Agile-project (though it may have less content).

You need to create a Gantt with your tasks, their time, their cost, who will do it, ... So we need to do some diagrams beforehand.

Then work on the project and don't forget

  • to update your Gantt
  • to communicate with your team
  • to (properly) organize some meetings
  • to do some tests
  • to write some documentation

And please take note that

YOU MUST ALWAYS HAVE A WORKING VERSION OF YOUR SOFTWARE. At any time of the development, the software can be run and, the client or whoever can test it. That's the key to the success so don't forget that 🧐.

Meetings and reporting

There are usually two kinds of meetings

  • periodic meetings: with the rest of the team, to summarize what's done and what's need to be done
  • steering meeting (réunion de pilotage): with the client, usually, each month to check what you are doing.

For a meeting, you will usually have to write (or read) the minutes of meeting (Compte Rendu) which may look like this in French

minutes of meeting in French

The daily order/schedule (ordre du jour/agenda) is listing who will talk in the meeting, along with how much time and the subject. We have a time set for each participant.


If you are on a small project, you can use a file to store information about your bugs. You can make an Excel table with 1 line per bug.

  • give each bug an ID
  • a description of how we can reproduce the bug
  • a description of what was expected
  • a description of what you got
  • notes like the software version/tool version/...
  • a priority
  • an assignee/some reviewers
  • a boolean with true/false if solved

But, a lot of tools/websites exist, so you might as well use them. Enter "issues tacker" on a search engine, and you might find what you want.

  • ex: GitHub issues (for IT projects with version control)
  • ex: YouTrack (an issues' tracker made by JetBrains)
  • ex: Jira (Atlassian)