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If your code may produce an error, you will most likely have to handle exceptions. An exception is raised ("thrown") went something unexpected is happening, and that's most likely an error.

  • Error
  • ReferenceError
  • EvalError
  • RangeError
  • SyntaxError
  • ....

You can raise one using throw and catch one using catch, meaning that you will handle the unexpected behavior (ex: conversion failed, ...)

try {
    // this code here might raise an exception
    throw new Error();
} catch {
    // this code handles the exception

try {} catch (e) {
    // the variable "e" is the exception
    // this is stupid, we are throwing again the exception
    // we captured
    throw e;